Here's more information presented by instructors in the Brain Injury training co-sponsored by the Lancaster County RMO and the Brain Injury Association of PA earlier this year.
Facts about Drug and Alcohol Use and Brain Injury:
- 1 out of 2 people with a brain injury has some sort of substance abuse.
- (abuse rate among the general population is 1 in 10)
- The adverse effects alcohol and drugs have on a healing mind can be devastating to the quality of life for the brain injury survivor.
- The brain has to re-learn skills and this process can be inhibited by the consumption of alcohol and drugs, slowing the recovery.
- The brain is more sensitive to alcohol and other drugs after a brain injury.
(SOURCE: ACBIS, The Essential Brain Injury Guide, 2007)
Facts about Brain Injury and Substance Abuse within the Criminal Justice System
- Inmates with one or more head injuries have significantly higher levels of alcohol and/or drug use during the year preceding their current incarceration
The U.S. Department of Justice has reported that:
52% of female offenders and 41% of male offenders were under the influence of drugs, alcohol or both at the time of their arrest
- 64% of male arrestees tested positive for at least one of five illicit drugs (cocaine, opioids, marijuana, methamphetamines, or PCP)
- More than half of prison inmates have a lifetime history of drug use disorders
Fewer than 15% receive substance abuse treatment services while in prison